In the intricate web of modern network management, the security and integrity of user accounts stand paramount. “AD User Audit with PowerShell” isn’t just a technical process; it’s a critical practice for any robust IT infrastructure. Why, you ask? The answer lies in the layers of data and accessibility that each user account holds within your organization’s Active Directory (AD). Whether it’s for compliance, security, or efficient management, auditing user accounts is akin to a health check for your network’s security posture.

Understanding the last login times, password policies, and group memberships doesn’t only highlight potential vulnerabilities; it also paves the way for proactive management and policy enforcement. PowerShell, with its powerful scripting capabilities, emerges as an indispensable tool in this endeavor. It transforms what could be a tedious manual audit into an efficient, automated process.

Why Perform an AD User Audit?

An “AD User Audit with PowerShell” serves multiple purposes:

  1. Security: Identifying inactive accounts or those with outdated permissions reduces the risk of unauthorized access.
  2. Compliance: Regular audits ensure adherence to internal and external regulatory standards.
  3. Operational Efficiency: Understanding user activities and configurations aids in optimizing network management.

The Script:

Import-Module ActiveDirectory

Function Get-PasswordExpiryDate {
    param (
    return $PasswordLastSet.AddDays($MaxPasswordAge.TotalDays)

$MaxPasswordAge = (Get-ADDefaultDomainPasswordPolicy).MaxPasswordAge

Get-ADUser -Filter * -Properties Name, samaccountname, Enabled, LastLogonDate, PasswordLastSet, MemberOf, LockedOut, whenCreated | 
Select-Object Name, samaccountname, Enabled, LastLogonDate, PasswordLastSet, @{Name="PasswordExpiryDate"; Expression={Get-PasswordExpiryDate -PasswordLastSet $_.PasswordLastSet -MaxPasswordAge $MaxPasswordAge}}, @{Name="GroupMembership";Expression={($_.MemberOf | Get-ADGroup | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Name) -join ", "}}, LockedOut, whenCreated | 
Export-Csv -Path "c:\temp\AD_User_Audit_Report.csv" -NoTypeInformation

The Breakdown

The first thing we do in this powershell script is the import module. We are importing the ActiveDirectory. Then we are going to setup a nice little function to help grab the expiry date of the account. The function here will depend on the dates and time as the parameters. The function resolves the time span needed. Next we will grab the data we need. That’s the Name, Samaccountname, enabled, last logon date, password last set, member of, locked out, and finally when created. From there we will use select object. This is where some of the good stuff happens. When we select the pasword expire date, we are going to use the @ name and expression. Lets break that down some.

Special Select

@{Name="PasswordExpiryDate"; Expression={Get-PasswordExpiryDate -PasswordLastSet $_.PasswordLastSet -MaxPasswordAge $MaxPasswordAge}},

Inside the select object command, you can select different properties and give custom properties. Having a name or label is the first part. The Expression can be it’s own command line. Here we have the function from earlier. We are pushing the get-aduser’s password last set and running it through the get-passwordexpirydate. Make sure to wrap the expression inside curly brackets. We can do this same thing with the group membership.

The Group Membership pulls apart the memberof and passes it through the get-adgroup. From there we grab the name of the group. Now since we want to export this into a csv, it would be best to use a join to make it easy. Once we have that information setup. We export it to a csv. Then we are done. This information can then be passed on to the security admin to work with.

Script Deployment and Usage

The execution of this script in your environment is straightforward but requires administrative privileges. It’s designed to run seamlessly, outputting a comprehensive report that encapsulates the health and status of each user account in your Active Directory. This report not only informs your immediate security strategies but also assists in long-term IT planning and policy development.

What can we learn as a person today?

Just as “AD User Audit with PowerShell” ensures the health of an IT infrastructure, journaling serves as a personal audit. It’s a practice that offers self-reflection, tracking progress, and identifying areas for improvement in our personal lives.


Journaling is a gateway to the soul, a mirror reflecting our deepest thoughts and feelings. In the quiet moments with our journal, we engage in an intimate conversation with ourselves. This practice allows us to confront our fears, celebrate our successes, and ponder our aspirations. It’s a safe space where we can express emotions without judgment, helping us understand and accept who we are.

Imagine a day filled with stress and uncertainty, where words left unsaid create a storm inside you. In your journal, these unspoken thoughts find a voice. You write about the meeting that didn’t go as planned, the conversation with a friend that left you unsettled. As the words flow, there’s a sense of unburdening, a weight lifting off your shoulders. It’s in this self-reflection that clarity emerges, often bringing peace and a newfound understanding of your emotional landscape.

Tracking Progress

Like a lighthouse guiding ships through a stormy sea, journaling illuminates our path through life’s complexities. It helps us track where we’ve been and where we’re heading, offering insights into our personal evolution. By regularly documenting our experiences, thoughts, and feelings, we create a tangible record of our journey. This practice can reveal patterns in our behavior and responses, helping us recognize both our strengths and areas for growth.

Consider a journal entry from a year ago, describing feelings of apprehension about starting a new venture. Fast forward to today, and your journal tells a different story—one of growth, learning, and newfound confidence. The contrast between then and now is stark, yet it’s a powerful testament to your resilience and adaptability. Reading your past entries, you feel a surge of pride in how far you’ve come, reinforcing your belief in your ability to face future challenges.

Identifying Areas for Improvement

Journaling not only captures our current state but also acts as a compass, pointing out the areas in our life that need attention. It can highlight recurring issues, whether in relationships, work, or personal habits, prompting us to seek solutions or make necessary changes. This process of self-audit through journaling encourages us to be honest with ourselves, to confront uncomfortable truths, and to take actionable steps towards betterment.

Imagine writing about the same problem repeatedly—a strained relationship with a colleague or a persistent feeling of dissatisfaction. Seeing these recurring themes in your journal can be an eye-opener, signaling a need for change. It might inspire you to initiate a difficult conversation, seek external advice, or explore new opportunities. The journal becomes a catalyst for transformation, nudging you towards decisions and actions that align with your true desires and values.

Final Thoughts

In each stroke of the pen, journaling offers a chance for introspection, growth, and healing. It’s our personal audit, tracking our emotional health and guiding us towards a more mindful and fulfilling life. Just as “AD User Audit with PowerShell” ensures the health of our digital environments, journaling safeguards the wellbeing of our inner world.

Additional Resources